Many foreigners and Taiwanese were living on the Chinese mainland at the end of 2010, according to the nation's sixth national census. (File Photo/Xinhua)
A total of 593,832 foreigners were living on the Chinese mainland at the end of 2010, data from the sixth national census released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Friday (Apr. 29) shows.
A total of 170,283 Taiwan residents were living on the Chinese mainland as of Nov. 1, 2010, 116,547 of which, or 68.4 percent, were male. 234,829 Hongkong residents and 21,201 Macao residents were also recorded as living on the Chinese mainland.
The top three home countries of expat foreigners were the Republic of Korea (ROK), the United States and Japan.
Among the foreigners living in mainland China, 56.62 percent or 336,245 were male and 43.38 percent or 257,587 were female, the data revealed.
Foreigners on the Chinese mainland were surveyed for the first time in the once-in-a-decade census, but those on short-term business or sight-seeing trips were not covered.
The census collected the names, ages, gender, nationality, educational attainments, purpose and duration of stay of foreigners. Questionnaires for foreigners were simpler than those for Chinese citizens and were written in both Chinese and English.
China has been conducting its national population census every 10 years since 1990. The previous five censuses dating back to 1953 only covered Chinese nationals on the mainland.
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) 國家統計局